#52 Be Grateful for Australia


#52 Australia

It is so much fun to be alive!? Just being able to meet great people, bring a smile to their faces and share of an abundance of loveūüôā

It is exciting times when you know that you are and will create abundance in your lifeūüôā

You can make so much out of a day if you just want to. Having a day to do almost anything you want is surely a lot of fun. You get so excited about life and want to do so much with your day.

So today I thought I would give my thanks to a country called Australia which most of you have heard about. Australia is a true place of abundance. That’s why I like the country so muchūüôā

So why should we be grateful for Australia?

  • It is a huge country.
  • They have the Great Barrier Reif
  • They have kangaroo’s
  • They have tasmanian devils.
  • They have the opera in Sydney.
  • They have the most¬†poisonous¬†snakes in the world.
  • They have sharks.
  • They have Crocodiles.
  • You can golf there.

  • You can surf there.
  • You can go there to think through your life.
  • The Australian Accent is amazing.
  • You can live up North in the summer time and then move to Australia for the winter, but it will still be summer.
  • It is an island.
  • You can spend Christmas on the beach.
  • They have Rugby.
  • Their animal life is unique.
  • It as wast deserts.
  • High mountains.
  • They have koala’s.
  • They have beautiful rivers.
  • They have dingo’s.
  • People love to go there for a vacation.

How about going to Australia and explore their diversity in animals, climate and culture. Australia is a place for everyone that wants to travel and explore a exciting country. I want to go to Australia and meet some family members and explore the incredible, wast and diverse island. How about you tell me why you are grateful for Australia and share your favorite experiences about this great country?

Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the country. For other uses, see Australia (disambiguation).
Page semi-protected
Commonwealth of Australia
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Advance Australia Fair[N 1]
Royal anthem: God Save the Queen
Capital Canberra
Largest city Sydney
Official language(s) None[N 2]
National language English (de facto)[N 2]
Demonym Australian, Aussie[3][4]
Government Federal parliamentary democracy andconstitutional monarchy
 РMonarch Elizabeth II
 РGovernor-General Quentin Bryce
 РPrime Minister Julia Gillard
Legislature Parliament
 РUpper House Senate
 РLower House House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
 РConstitution 1 January 1901
 РStatute of Westminster 11 December 1931
 РStatute of Westminster Adoption Act 9 October 1942 (with effect from 3 September 1939)
 РAustralia Act 3 March 1986
Area
 РTotal 7,617,930 km2 (6th)
2,941,299 sq mi
Population
 Р2011 estimate 22,756,682[5] (50th)
 Р2006 census 19,855,288[6]
 РDensity 2.8/km2 (233rd)
7.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 РTotal $918.978 billion[7] (18th)
 РPer capita $40,836[7] (12th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 РTotal $1.507 trillion[7] (13th)
 РPer capita $66,983[7] (5th)
Gini (2006) 30.5[8] (medium)
HDI (2011) increase0.929[9] (very high) (2nd)
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Time zone various[N 3](UTC+8 to +10.5)
 РSummer (DST) various[N 3] (UTC+8 to +11.5)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code AU
Internet TLD .au
Calling code +61

Australia¬†(play¬†/…ôňąstre…™lj…ô/), officially the¬†Commonwealth of Australia,[10]¬†is a country in the¬†Southern Hemisphere¬†comprising the mainland of the¬†Australian continent, the island of¬†Tasmania, and numerous¬†smaller islands¬†in the¬†Indian¬†and¬†Pacific Oceans.[N 4]¬†It is the world’s¬†sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include¬†Indonesia,¬†East Timor, and¬†Papua New Guinea¬†to the north; the¬†Solomon Islands,¬†Vanuatu, and¬†New Caledonia¬†to the north-east; and¬†New Zealand¬†to the south-east.

For at least 40,000 years[12]¬†before¬†European¬†settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by¬†indigenous Australians,[13]who belonged to one or more of roughly¬†250 language groups.[14][15]¬†After discovery by¬†Dutch¬†explorers in 1606, Australia’s eastern half was claimed by¬†Great Britain¬†in 1770 and settled through¬†penal transportation¬†to the colony of¬†New South Wales¬†from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five¬†self-governing¬†Crown Colonies¬†were established.

On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system which functions as a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The federation comprises six states and several territories. The population of 22.7 million is heavily concentrated in the Eastern states and is highly urbanised.

A highly¬†developed country, Australia is the¬†world’s thirteenth largest economy¬†and has the world’s¬†sixth-highest per capita income. Australia’s military expenditure is the¬†world’s twelfth largest. With the¬†second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education,economic freedom, and the protection of¬†civil liberties¬†and political rights.[16]¬†Australia is a member of the¬†G20,¬†OECD,¬†WTO,¬†APEC,UN,¬†Commonwealth of Nations,¬†ANZUS, and the¬†Pacific Islands Forum.

History

Main article: History of Australia
Map of Australia with coloured arrows showing the path of early explorers around the coast of Australia and surrounding islands

Exploration by Europeans till 1812

  1606 Willem Janszoon
  1606 Luis Váez de Torres
  1616 Dirk Hartog
  1619 Frederick de Houtman
  1644 Abel Tasman
  1696 Willem de Vlamingh
  1699 William Dampier
  1770 James Cook
¬†¬†1797‚Äď1799¬†George Bass
¬†¬†1801‚Äď1803¬†Matthew Flinders

Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago,[33]possibly with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now South-East Asia. These first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. At the time of European settlement in the late 18th century, most Indigenous Australians werehunter-gatherers, with a complex oral culture and spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in theDreamtime. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnicallyMelanesian, were originally horticulturalists and hunter-gatherers.[34]

Following sporadic visits by fishermen from the¬†Malay Archipelago,[35]¬†the first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent were attributed to the Dutch navigator¬†Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of¬†Cape York Peninsula¬†on an unknown date in early 1606, and made landfall on 26 February at the¬†Pennefather River¬†on the western shore of Cape York, near the modern town ofWeipa.[36]¬†The Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines of “New Holland” during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement.[36]¬†William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer landed on the north-west coast of Australia in 1688 and again in 1699 on a return trip. In 1770,¬†James Cook¬†sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain.[37]¬†Cook’s discoveries prepared the way for establishment of a new¬†penal colony. The British¬†Crown Colony¬†of New South Wales was formed on 26 January 1788, when Captain¬†Arthur Phillip¬†led the¬†First Fleet¬†to¬†Port Jackson.[38]¬†This date became Australia’s national day,¬†Australia Day.¬†Van Diemen’s Land, now known as Tasmania, was settled in 1803 and became a separate colony in 1825.[39]¬†The United Kingdom formally claimed the western part of Australia in 1828.[40]

 

 

Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales:¬†South Australia¬†in 1836,¬†Victoria¬†in 1851, and Queensland in 1859.[41]¬†The¬†Northern Territory¬†was founded in 1911 when it was excised from South Australia.[42]South Australia was founded as a “free province”‚ÄĒit was never a penal colony.[43]¬†Victoria and Western Australia were also founded “free”, but later accepted¬†transported convicts.[44][45]¬†A campaign by the settlers of New South Wales led to the end of convict transportation to that colony; the last convict ship arrived in 1848.[46]

A calm body of water is in the foreground. The shoreline is about 200 metres away. To the left, close to the shore, are three tall gum trees; behind them on an incline are ruins, including walls and watchtowers of light-coloured stone and brick, what appear to be the foundations of walls, and grassed areas. To the right lie the outer walls of a large rectangular four-storey building dotted with regularly spaced windows. Forested land rises gently to a peak several kilometres back from the shore.

Port Arthur, Tasmania¬†was Australia’s largest¬†gaol¬†for transported convicts.

The indigenous population, estimated at 750,000 to 1,000,000 at the time of European settlement,[47]¬†declined steeply for 150 years following settlement, mainly due to infectious disease.[48]¬†The “Stolen Generations” (removal of Aboriginal children from their families), which historians such as¬†Henry Reynolds¬†have argued could be considered genocide,[49]¬†may have contributed to the decline in the Indigenous population.[50]¬†Such interpretations of Aboriginal history are disputed by conservative commentators such as former Prime Minister¬†John Howard¬†as exaggerated or fabricated for political or ideological reasons.[51]¬†This debate is known within Australia as the¬†History wars.[52]¬†The Federal government gained the power to make laws with respect to Aborigines following the¬†1967 referendum.[53]¬†Traditional ownership of land‚ÄĒaboriginal title‚ÄĒwas not recognised until 1992, when the¬†High Court¬†case¬†Mabo v Queensland (No 2)¬†overturned the notion of Australia as¬†terra nullius¬†(“land belonging to no one”) before European occupation.[54]

A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s,[55] and the Eureka Rebellion against mining licence fees in 1854 was an early expression of civil disobedience.[56] Between 1855 and 1890, the six colonies individually gained responsible government, managing most of their own affairs while remaining part of the British Empire.[57] The Colonial Office in London retained control of some matters, notably foreign affairs,[58] defence,[59] and international shipping.

A balding man wearing a suit and playing a bugle, while standing in front of a crowd of other people and a stone monument.

The Last Post is played at an ANZAC Day ceremony in Port Melbourne, Victoria. Similar ceremonies are held in most suburbs and towns.

On 1 January 1901¬†federation of the colonies¬†was achieved after a decade of planning, consultation, and voting.[60]¬†The Commonwealth of Australia was established and it became a¬†dominion¬†of the British Empire in 1907. The Federal Capital Territory (later renamed the Australian Capital Territory) was formed in 1911 as the location for the future federal capital of Canberra. Melbourne was the temporary seat of government from 1901 to 1927 while Canberra was constructed.[61]¬†The Northern Territory was transferred from the control of the South Australian government to the federal parliament in 1911.[62]¬†In 1914, Australia joined Britain in fighting World War I, with support from both the outgoing Liberal Party and the incoming Labor Party.[63]¬†Australians took part in many of the major battles fought on the¬†Western Front.[64]¬†Of about 416,000 who served, about 60,000 were killed and another 152,000 were wounded.[65]¬†Many Australians regard the defeat of the¬†Australian and New Zealand Army Corps¬†(ANZACs) at¬†Gallipoli¬†as the birth of the nation‚ÄĒits first major military action.[66][67]¬†The¬†Kokoda Track campaign¬†is regarded by many as an analogous nation-defining event duringWorld War II.[68]

 

Britain’s¬†Statute of Westminster 1931¬†formally ended most of the constitutional links between Australia and the UK. Australia¬†adopted it¬†in 1942,[69]¬†but it was backdated to 1939 to confirm the validity of legislation passed by the Australian Parliament during World War II.[70][71]¬†The shock of the UK’s defeat in Asia in 1942 and the¬†threat of Japanese invasioncaused Australia to turn to the¬†United States¬†as a new ally and protector.[72]¬†Since 1951, Australia has been a formal military ally of the US, under the¬†ANZUS¬†treaty.[73]¬†After World War II Australia encouraged immigration from Europe. Since the 1970s and following the abolition of the¬†White Australia policy, immigration from Asia and elsewhere was also promoted.[74]¬†As a result, Australia’s demography, culture, and self-image were transformed.[75]¬†The final constitutional ties between Australia and the UK were severed with the passing of the¬†Australia Act 1986, ending any British role in the government of the Australian States, and closing the option of judicial appeals to the¬†Privy Council¬†in London.[76]¬†In a1999 referendum, 55 per cent of Australian voters and a majority in every Australian state rejected a proposal to become a¬†republic¬†with a president appointed by a two-thirds vote in both Houses of the Australian Parliament. Since the election of the¬†Whitlam Government¬†in 1972,[77]¬†there has been an increasing focus in foreign policy on ties with other¬†Pacific Rim¬†nations, while maintaining close ties with Australia’s traditional allies and trading partners.[78]¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†

“Australia has an increasingly multicultural society.” -Julie Bishop

John Thore Stub Sneisen(c)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 responses to “#52 Be Grateful for Australia

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